Cognitive distortions are patterns of thinking, or "self-talk", that consistently shift life events into a negative framework.
When automatic thoughts continually send us negative messages, we often begin to believe they are true. This can lead to feelings of sadness, anger, shame, hopelessness, and/or anxiety that can perpetuate a depressed mood and may trigger disordered eating.
The first step in overcoming negative thoughts is learning to identify them. Once you identify the cognitive distortions you are struggling with, you begin to challenge your thoughts and substitute them with more accurate facts and/or positive thoughts.
The best way to overcome cognitive distortions is to work with a therapist who can help you learn to process and restructure thinking patterns that are causing you distress. However, you can begin on your own to undo cognitive distortions by challenging your automatic thoughts.